Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
Today I visited the War Remnants Musuem in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. It is a Vietnamese perspective on the war and the suffering caused by the American agressor. That means that the atrocities of the Vietcong are conveniently left out of the picture and mustn’t have been very pretty either. But boy, did the Americans do horrible things.
Two things strike me in particular. How in earth could the Vietnamese win this war? The amount of high tech weapons, tanks, guns, fighter jets and chemicals that the US has used against this dead poor people is astounding. How did they do it? And what is underneath these tiny, skinny, busy, mostly cheerful people? The second thing is hearing and seeing about the impact of the use of chemical weapons and the scale of which they were used by the US. When I was walking through the exhibition I remembered something. Wasn’t Saddam Hussein condemned by President Bush for gassing 2 villages with rebellious Kurds? How many days would it have taken the Iraqi’s to commit this horrible crime? 1? 2?
Wikipedia on Agent Orange: During the Vietnam War, between 1962 and 1971, the United States military sprayed nearly 20,000,000 US gallons (75,700,000 l) of chemical herbicides and defoliants in Vietnam, eastern Laos and parts of Cambodia, as part of the aerial defoliation program known as Operation Ranch Hand. The goal was to defoliate rural/forested land, depriving guerrillas of food and cover and clearing sensitive areas such as around base perimeters. The program was also a part of a general policy of forced draft urbanization, which aimed to destroy the ability of peasants to support themselves in the countryside, forcing them to flee to the U.S. dominated cities, depriving the guerrillas of their rural support base.
A government that “destroys the ability of peasants to support themselves in the countryside” by happily spraying truck loads and truck loads full of TCDD, for thousands of days in a row. TCDD is a dioxin that has been described as “perhaps the most toxic molecule ever synthesized by man”: the magnitude of the cynism and cruelty of this crime against humanity goes far beyond comprehension. This is the same country that successfully convinced the world or the monstrosity of the Iraqi soldiers by fabricating a story about them stealing the incubators from Kuwaiti hospitals and leaving the babies on the cold floor to die and thus justifying the First Gulf War and created the story of Saddam’s non-existing “Weapons Of Mass Destruction” to justify the Second Gulf War.
Of course the effects of the chemical campaign against the people, the land and the animals are still lasting. You can see many disfigured people crawling over the markets or children lying drooling in the back of a shop. Dioxins are made to last, if poison that is used against people and nature would be biodegradable it would be useless, wouldn’t it? Luckily companies like Dow Chemicals and Monsanto have understood such things and made sure they delivered poison of the highest quality.
I saw a letter on the wall of the exhibition and I found it in the internet too. I want you to read that letter. It is written in 2009 by a Vietnamese women of 23 back then, 27 today. I feel she deserves it that we read her letter.
Dear President Barack Obama!
My name is Trần Thị Hoan, 23, born in Đức Linh District, Bình Thuận Province, Việt Nam. I am a second generation victim of Agent Orange, one among the plaintiffs, representing millions of Agent Orange victims, in a lawsuit against 37 U.S. chemical manufacturers in the U.S. Federal Court, two richest of which are Dow and Monsanto. They manufactured deadly defoliants sprayed in the Vietnam wars containing dioxin—it has not only killed living people during the war, but gradually kills their children generations, like me, and goes on to kill the next ones. It damages my country and other nations beyond imagination.
I have read your letter to your beloved daughters, especially this excerpt: “These are the things I want for you—to grow up in a world with no limits on your dreams and no achievements beyond your reach, and to grow into compassionate, committed women who will help build that world. And I want every child to have the same chances to learn and dream and grow and thrive that you girls have. That’s why I’ve taken our family on this great adventure.” I was deeply moved by the love you have for your daughters and the dreams you have for children of other countries, and I dream that certainly you meant also for Vietnam. I dream that when you were on the campaign trail, and when you were writing those lines, you had some ideas about Agent Orange and its devastating effects on human and environment. I dream when you wrote “And I want every child to have the same chances to learn and dream and grow and thrive that you girls have” you were actually thinking about innocent children slowly killed by dioxin, and their sufferings, their education in a very poor country like Vietnam will be the same as your daughters in the U.S. I dream you had in mind what to do to help every child to have the same chances to learn and to dream and grow and thrive like your daughters’.
May I say something about myself: when I was in junior high school, I studied hard to become a doctor to help people in my home town because they were so poor. But this dream was taken from me. I was suggested in college not to follow medicine because I was born with no legs and no left hand. My parents were consumed with grief when I was born and when I started school. I was suggested not to dream about raising a family for fear that my children would be born deformed like me, and the poison might even take their lives. You may have guessed from my personal story, one among three million victim stories, what happen to other parents victims of Agent Orange.
You are a father of two beautiful daughters, and you know how parents love their children. As you might have known, the U.S. Vietnam veterans, sick from Agent Orange, have gotten remediation for their illnesses, but their children have not. How do their children live a decent life like your daughters? In the case of my poor country, veterans of the U.S. war and their children and grandchildren have not received any justice from the U.S. courts: they refused to hear our case against the U.S. chemical companies without explanations. This denial of justice may have rendered void your dream for every child to have the same chances to learn and dream and grow and thrive. When I toured the U.S. cities last October, I found the American people deeply concerned about the problems of Agent Orange, including lawyers. I was totally disappointed with the U.S. Supreme Court running away from this question of justice.
I understand that you are very busy with the urgent matters that face your country, I hope that you would consider the poison from Agent Orange and the lives of its victims with as much a matter of urgency because what they mean to the future of humanity. I hope that you, a symbol of hope not only for the United States, but also for the world, a father who love his children dearly, and a man of humanity, spare a little time to resolve this forgotten problem.Thank you!Trần Thị Hoan
That is humbling. I’m not even sure what to say. It was a beautifully written letter and I hope her words are heard and that they ignite a positive action.
Sheila Ann Kapur says
I am just finding this letter now…as I am online searching for information regarding Obama’s upcoming visit to Vietnam (May 2016). As US citizen who has been living and working in Vietnam for 4 years, this issue is very close to my heart. I am simultaneously so angry and sad/ashamed at this entire piece of our history. Human dignity just needs to be a given! For every person in every corner of this planet! And upon reading the 5 points that Obama homes to address with Vietnamese officials this time around (and cringing that the sale of weapons in on their list) I am hopeful to read that perhaps, just perhaps the US will begin addressing the bombs they left here and might just begin cleaning up their mess!